I wont be able to plant until late June. Given the conditions that they like to grow in, most varieties will do well in Zone 6 – ‘York’ and ‘Adams’ is a favorite combo. So my husband and I started our own bakery and we now also offer Elderberry in a variety of items. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Elderberry Collection, 2 Bare Root Plants. In the middle of summer, several main branches died back to the base. It will thrive in USDA Hardiness Zon… The trees are shaded in the morning but would have full sun in the afternoon. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. Can I plant black currant and elderberry together to pollinate Each other? The role of hydrocyanic acid in nutrition. Good luck! Elderberry plants (Sambucus canadensis) are truly multi-purpose.Growing your own offers many unique benefits. In short, they require very little care and give back so much! The fragrance that you noticed may be dependent on when you checked your plants as well – that sweet smell can sometimes have a bit of a rancid, off odor if you don’t get to them right away. The black variety blooms in early summer, but I have not been able to track down the typical bloom period for the lemon… Read more ». I am going to buy an elderberry bush and have read that the American elderberry is poisonous. I’m thinking I could make room for 2 plants. Also known as Sambucus nigra ssp. Diet. Hello! Other Sambucus canadensis cultivars—'Adams', 'Johns', 'Nova', and 'York'—are grown for their fruit, which might ripen later or earlier, or is more or less profuse. Amazingly deer-, cold-, and wind-resistant, it does well in full sun and is a prized plant in the northern United States. Would it be a good idea to have 2 Black Lace side by side and a York that is about 7 feet away? Usually planting any two cultivars of the same species within 60 feet of each other should suffice for good cross-pollination, with at least two plants. Sambucus canadensis is usually easy to distinguish from both S. nigra and S. racemosa. Keep in mind… Read more ». Yes, these are still recommended! Of course, taking on challenges and growing delicious produce as a… Read more ». That being said, the soil has not been improved and rocky. Starting in that wetter area that has some shade is going to be key, Faith, since these are the conditions that elderberry prefers. lower Cascades here in Oregon is poisonous? . Shouldn’t they be different varieties/types for cross pollination? Once mature, elderberry hedges provide dense cover, perfect for wind screening or privacy screening, and lots of elderberries. Is there a particular variety to look for or buy for that kind of purpose, or will Adams & York do as well as any other? Can you describe anything… Read more ». The Michigan State University Extension has some great information on this, but here’s a quick summary for you: It isn’t the sulfur itself that does the job, but rather, bacteria in the soil converts it into something that the plants can use (converting the sulfur to sulfuric acid, and… Read more ». Most elderberries will remain productive for at least five years, often much longer. You can’t go wrong with the benefits that these varieties provide! Be sure to grow at least two plants to get the best harvest. Yum, elderberry baked goods are delicious! We’ll look into this a little more closely for you. [8] Traditional methods of consuming elderberry includes jams, jellies, and syrups, all of which cook down the fruit and strain out the seeds. I’d like to plant the elderberries next Spring so I wonder if it would hurt to amend the soil now with soil sulfur so that it can get a head start. I have been researching elderberries because I am trying to figure out if we can grow them in a narrow area (SE section) of our yard. Do you think they have enough space? Also, would like a long-lasting variety – as in would possibly produce for many years. The American elderberry ( Sambucus canadensis) is a deciduous shrub that comes from North America. Sambucus canadensis, the American black elderberry, Canada elderberry, or common elderberry, is a species of elderberry native to a large area of North America east of the Rocky Mountains, south to Bolivia. canadensis. I live in CT – what type do you recommend me getting? Each spring the plant is covered with clusters of tiny white flowers that are followed by purplish-black fruit. Spring is a great time to amend the soil with sulfur, so that’s a plus. Isn’t Pinterest a great resource? Sambucus nigra ssp. I now live in southeastern Arizona, a completely different growing zone, and I miss them! Some take a few years to reach maturity and peak flower production. It will thrive in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. Blue elderberry does well in hotter zones, and ‘Adams’ and ‘York’ should thrive in your location as well. Good luck, and enjoy the homemade syrup once your berries come in! ‘Black Lace’ and ‘Sutherland Gold’ are other S. racemosa cultivars that might serve as good pollinators for the type that you’re growing. Their suggestion is to add soil sulfur which I don’t mind doing when we plant them but am hoping this won’t have to be an ongoing thing. Zone 3-8. Wow, this sounds fantastic! Super interesting article and comments! Any advice on what varieties would do well in these areas? I’m back and now have the space to grow Hawthorns that can get large. The roots, bark, and leaves of the red elderberry are definitely poisonous, but the jury’s still out on the fruit itself – indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest harvested, processed, and ate these berries for countless generations, but on the other hand, some studies suggest that the seeds may contain toxic compounds. Planting cultivars with different maturation dates will also help to provide an ongoing harvest- and… Read more ». First, I have some questions for you that should help with identification: Do the berries grow in flat clusters? Blue and purple berries as well as flowers are edible. Shade in the morning and a plant that looks generally healthy are both good things! Over all, I’d say pruning is largely up to you. Thanks so much for your help. Do you know which black elder (S. nigra) cultivar you are growing specifically? Prune … Sambucus mexicana it is drought deciduous. And luckily for you, all of the varieties outlined in this article should do well in your growing zone, given the conditions that they need to thrive! It gets quite a bit of sun, but is in shade in the morning. I live in Long Island, NY on the north shore and am dreaming about starting a medicinal garden in my backyard as well as purchasing a farm either upstate NY, western MA or PA to grow elderberries on a larger scale. Thanks for your message Sarah. Now I know that I can eat them. Can you describe the shape of the leaves? It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It’s the S. racemose varieties that you want to avoid if you’re not a fan of the red fruit. Allison, I found a place that sells the Adams and Johns! Spreads by root suckers to form colonies. One blog that I was able to find describes ‘Lemon’ as a “great companion” to ‘Black Lace,’ though the author does not make note of coinciding bloom phases. We double checked, and you’re right- unlike the black lace (an S. nigra cultivar) which has black berries, the lemony lace cultivar is a cross between ‘Sutherland Gold’ and ‘Dropmore Fernleaf,’ both varieties of S. racemosa- or red elderberry. I am not looking for height, just pleasant eating, baking and making syrup, Hi Francis, thanks for your question. Based off the comments, it appears my options would be York, Adams, Mexican Elderberry, or Blue elderberry… is there one that may work best for medicinal (syrup), have a somewhat high fruit yield, look pretty, and thrive (possibly) in a pot? With a good irrigation plan, this could work.… Read more », I live in Idaho Falls, Idaho (Zone 5). Our objective was to investigate the effects of cultivar and ripeness on the phytochemical characteristics of its fruits and the corresponding color performance. S. canadensis is native to North America. Cultivars grown for their foliage may be cut back annually to within 2 or 3 buds from a permanent framework. Also, the deer nibble on the new growth in spring and summer. But it’s going to be difficult to predict the exact week when your fruit is ready to harvest, since this depends a lot on the weather and your local growing conditions. With so many options to choose from, it may be difficult to decide on a favorite. We have a new build in Cape charles VA Easternshore. I will look for S negra. We are in Raleigh, NC. Whether or not they’re actually poisonous, they’re not very palatable, and are… Read more ». But keep in mind, many of these will still reach 10 feet or more. But communities that are around me are in 7a. We have long summers, very hot sun for a month and short winters. – can respond to immune-boosting supplements and herbal remedies. Please note that some experts cautions against eating S. racemose cultivars, i.e. The S. nigra cultivars are generally considered best for high fruit yields and medicinal use, i.e. Otherwise, many gardeners prefer the look of elder’s natural habit. We live on a mountainside and our yard is fenced to protect from deer. We live in a 6b planting zone in Kentucky and the summers here can be brutal with high temps and very little rain. There are hawks in the area and I would like to offer birds a sanctuary here. Foliage becomes bright red before dropping off for the winter. It may grow 9 to 12 feet tall, is somewhat woody and has an arching spreading form. Glad you found some recipes! I’ve been told they are elderberries. Last year I planted a black lace elderberry and it’s doing great. western pa we used to pick them and make elderberry jelly. S. racemose produces red fruits in the fall, after the white flower bunches have died away. I have two Green Lace Elders, would they be okay to help with pollination for another higher yield type of Elder out here in SW Washington State? – in mind. . Somewhat self fruitful. We have very hot summers and cold winters. Most cultivars of elderberry are edible and used in both food and medicine. S. canadensis in particular is known for putting out suckers (and these can be pruned or dug up to start new plants), whereas varieties of S. nigra and S. racemosa are not – though I can’t confirm whether any species is entirely non-suckering in all growing conditions. They grow Mexican elderberry trees in Tucson AZ without shade. I won’t do anything with them but I was curious to know if elderberries ALWAYS have serrated leaves.… Read more », Thanks for your message, Patricia! Adams– Sambucus Canadensis– Very sweet fruit. Hi Tracy! I read it spreads by suckers. Can you direct me? In addition to the pH, what type of soil do you have? Thank you in advance! [12] Leaves are also traditionally used in herbalism topically. That being said, it is the prettiest addition to my garden, it practically glows. This sounds like a delicious and rewarding option, James. I’m considering trying to make cuttings of elderberries near me to plant as a hedge row on an often wet side of my driveway. Hello, I would like to grow elderberries for medicinal syrups. The two most common types of elderberry plants are the European elderberry ( Sambucus nigra) and the American elderberry ( Sambucus canadensis ). Which plants should i get? Thanks for your help. Interesting… were these wild bushes or cultivated? Planting some flowering perennials that attract pollinators may also help in the effort to turn those flowers into berries. The weather can alternate between bone dry or be a heavy rainy season. Can one or 2 varieties meet all these desires for me? I live in south central Kansas and would be planting in full sun. Height: 6 to 10 feet. I live in SE Kansas. Depending on where in Southern California you’re located, you could be anywhere in USDA Hardiness Zones 7-11. Elderberry grows as weak wooded, multi-stemmed woody shrubs to 12 feet tall and wide. Nova is another nice cultivar that has less of a horizontal spread. We have dogs and are ordering ducks so I’m concerned about safety if any of them eat the berries. It is a deciduous suckering shrub growing to 3 m or more tall. And how old are your plants? It attains a height of between 10-12 feet (3-3.7 m.) tall and is hardy to USDA plant hardiness zones 3-8. Thank you. canadensis. In USDA Hardiness Zone 10, blue elderberry (S. cerulea) may be your best bet, but this type may also produce suckers readily. Thank you! Planting on a slope can be great for drainage, but keep in mind that elderberry has shallow roots. Sambucus canadensis (American Elder) is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub of loose open habit with arching, spreading branches, clothed in a lush foliage of sharply serrated, bright green leaves composed of 7 leaflets. ‘Black Lace’ is one of my favorites, or try cold-tolerant ‘York.’ And be sure to plant in pairs with two different cultivars of the same species for the best harvest. They are… Read more », Hi Jaimee. Sambucus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae.The various species are commonly called elder or elderberry.The genus was formerly placed in the honeysuckle family, Caprifoliaceae, but was reclassified as Adoxaceae due to genetic and morphological comparisons to plants in … Hi Emma, Well, let’s see… Las Vegas spans zones 9a to 8b, so you may be able to grow types that are tolerant of this climate, such as the ‘Adams’ or ‘York’ varieties – but it isn’t going to be easy. Kat. Thanks for the feedback, Carol! Where are you located? Do the leaves and stems change color in the fall? Like any plant that spreads this way (such as lilacs), you’ll want to dig out the unwanted suckers once a year or so, and stay on top of this to prevent unwanted spread. Elderberry, Sambucus spp., has long been cultivated or collected from the wild by humans for both food and medicine.Europeans have used the flowers and fruit of Sambucus nigra for thousands of years, while Native Americans and European immigrants used Sambucus nigra ssp. at Cornell recommends fertilizing every spring with ammonium nitrate, and checking your soil’s pH before you start isn’t a bad idea- 5.5-6.6 is recommended for these to thrive. The answer is always much more vague. Is there much of a difference and what edible plant would do best here? Is that true or not? It is probably at least 5 years old. While the raw seeds, stems, and leaves of all types of elderberry are poisonous, most varieties of both American and European elderberry are edible when the fruit is cooked. The flower, known as elderflower, is edible, as well as the ripe berries. While most types do grow rather large, they can be pruned, or you might be able to locate dwarf cultivars from some nurseries. The photos I see on the sites are just to small and blurry for me to make a definite identification(I am visually impaired). Amending now is a great idea. The compound leaves are attractive and in summer, small white flowers are borne in dense clusters. Harvesting and Preserving Elderberry: A Fruit for Food and Medicine, How to Use Elderflowers for Food and Medicine, How to Grow Elderberries in Pots and Containers, The Ultimate Guide to Growing Strawberries at Home, Exploring Rodale’s Ultimate Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening, Check out our article on growing elderberry for more tips, check out our article on berry foraging and identification, 21 Tips for Managing Perennial Asters in the Garden, 15 of the Best Woody Shrubs for Fall Color, What Every Gardener Should Know about Peat Moss (Plus 5 Alternatives), How to Grow Tatarian Aster: a Dynamic Late-Season Bloomer, 19 Fragrant Flower and Shrub Favorites for Your Garden, Make a Romantic Blooming Heart Centerpiece in 6 Easy Steps, Cranesbill Geranium: How to Grow a Garden Classic. So why is there a difference in color?? Wishing you the best of luck with the farm! They grow best in well drained soils that are high in organic matter. Question- I live in Las Vegas Nevada, I want to grow elderberries and wonder if they will do well in this NEVADA heat followed by cold in the winter? I have read about several of them. Help, Thanks for reaching out, Sandee! Sambucus nigra, commonly called European elder, is a deciduous, somewhat sprawling, multi-stemmed shrub (occasionally a small tree) that is native to Europe, southwestern Asia and northern Africa.It typically grows to 8-20’ (less frequently to 30') tall. Thank you, What variety should I get to be ensure the yummy flowers?… Read more », Great question, Jennifer. Though it’s up for debate whether or not these berries should be eaten (see our earlier reply to a question about the wild variety that grows in the Cascades), it’s always better to err on the side of caution if you are uncertain- and the birds do love them! Check out our guide to growing elders for more tips. 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Cultivars with different maturation dates will also help to provide your shrubs with shade, and should produce nicely your... Composition will likely be somewhere in the middle of summer, small white flowers edible... Promoted as a 4 sambucus canadensis cultivars potted shrub available from Amazon feathery, light-colored leaves and what plant! Area and i was told to plant eldeberry in eastern south dakota mostly ranges from USDA Hardiness 8. Ca in 10a with some shade over anything hot and dry soils, primarily sunny. In herbal medicine, Denver area and i don ’ t find any specifics on this fortunate have! It is available as a natural fencing solution, since bushes can in! Zones 3-9 can you help me out with what would be the smallest possibly! Is hardy to zone ( UK ) 3 variety – as in would possibly produce many...

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