The Fora and the emperors. An absolute novelty, the first example of a museum of ancient architecture, this is a unique space in the world, and is linked conceptually and topographically the entire urban system dei Imperial Fora: of Caesar (46 BC), Augustus (2 BC), of Nerva (97 d.C.) and Trajan (112 and 113d.C). A series of Imperial fora, beginning with Iulius Caesar,* had been built adjacent to the earlier Roman Forum by a series of emperors. The forums were the heart of the late Roman Republic and of the Roman Empire. Under Emperor Diocletian, the temple was built again. The Forum of the Peace appears to be the first of the Fora to undergo important transformations. The first building encountered in this impressive complex is the Forum of Caesar. The Forum of Julius Caesar (also known as the Forum Iulium or Forum Caesaris) was the first of the imperial fora complexes to be built. The Imperial Fora consist of a series of monumental fora (public squares), constructed in Rome over a period of one and half centuries, between 46 BC and 113 AD. The city of Rome has some incredible collections from the sites of Rome (e.g., Capitoline Museums, National Museum of Rome), but no museum is more inherently archaeological than the city’s Museum of the Imperial Fora. The Imperial forums are not part of the Roman Forum, which was the public square during the Roman Republic. ), the Forum of Augustus (2 B.C. and was completed by Emperor Augustus. A series of Imperial fora, beginning with Iulius Caesar, had been built adjacent to the earlier Roman Forum by a series of emperors. Fora is the Latin plural of forum—meaning a public, urban square for civic and ritual business. 1903: in the Campidoglio the Forma Urbis is displayed for the first time on a graphic sketch by R. Lanciani The Imperial Forum Complex was ideally closed toward the south-east by the Temple of Peace, dedicated to Vespasian, and initially destined to contain the spoils of the Judaic wars as well as some Grecian art masterpieces. This piazza, which was built for Julius Caesar's propaganda, was inaugurated in 46 B.C.E. In chronological order they were: the Forum of Caesar (46 B.C. In fact, as recent excavations has shown, towards the beginning of the 4 th century, were built in the square poor buildings, probably commercial in nature. In the Caesar's time the area was a swamp so the emperor made the soil draining in 46 BC to built up the first Forum and if you start walking from Piazza Venezia you'll met the very Forum of Caesar, of which some columns are still standig as well as the podium of Venus temple and the remains of colonnades and arcades around the square. The Ionic temple housed a statue of Saturn, … This temple perished in a fire in 283 CE. Pompey the Great, a political rival of Caesar, had dedicated a monumental theater and portico complex in the Campus Martius in 55 B.C.E. Fora is the Latin plural of forum— meaning a public, urban square for civic and ritual business. At the end of the Ist century A.D., the valley of the Imperial Fora was completely occupied by four forums that up to that point had been built there. The forums were the center of the Roman Republic and of the Roman Empire. The first version of the temple was taken down in 42 BCE, and rebuilt by aedile L. Munatius Plancus. Temple of Saturn: The first Temple of Saturn was built around 498 B.C. The entire museum is entirely housed in the Trajanic-era constructions (107-110 CE) known as Trajan’s Markets (a modern designation applied in the 1920s and 1930s … and is considered one of the earliest temples in the Roman Forum. 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