A description of the word of God, Hebrews 4:12, Hebrews 4:13. This is the meaning of the apostle, who never supposed that a man might not make final shipwreck of faith and of a good conscience, as long as he was in a state of probation. The term was also used to describe the action of wrestlers who, when they could, got their hand under the chin of their antagonists, and thus, by bending both the head and neck, could the more easily give them a fall; this stratagem is sometimes seen in ancient monuments. But they were dastardly through all their generations. He passed through the veil into the holy place, and was not seen even by the priests. ). Hebrews 4 King James Version (KJV) 4 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. Because St. Paul does not use that term to express the Son of God. The word trust is used frequently, and verbs like believe and rely are used to express the right attitude to God. By spirit is meant a superior power by which we prefer future things to present, by which we are directed to pursue truth and right above all things, and even to despise what is agreeable to our present state, if it stand in competition with, or is prejudicial to, our future happiness. Scripture: Hebrews 4:14–5:3. (Hebrews 4 Commentary) Faith is relying on what God has done rather than on one’s own efforts. . And instead of εισερχομεθα γαρ, for we do enter, AC, several others, with the Vulgate and Coptic, read εισερχωμεθα ουν, therefore let us enter; and thus it answers to φωβηθωμεν ουν, therefore let us fear, Hebrews 4:1; but this reading cannot well stand unless οι πιστευσαντες be omitted, which is acknowledged to be genuine by every MS. and version of note and importance. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/hebrews-4.html. Seeing then that we have a great high priest - It is contended, and very properly, that the particle ουν, which we translate seeing, as if what followed was an immediate inference from what the apostle had been speaking, should be translated now; for the apostle, though he had before mentioned Christ as the High Priest of our profession, Hebrews 3:1, and as the High Priest who made reconciliation for the sins of the people, Hebrews 2:17, does not attempt to prove this in any of the preceding chapters, but now enters upon that point, and discusses it at great length to the end of chap. 2 For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did … It has been supposed that the phraseology here is sacrificial, the apostle referring to the case, of slaying and preparing a victim to be offered to God. 1832. Hebrews 4:10, ESV: "for whoever has entered God’s rest has also rested from his works as God did from his." To help in time of need - Εις ευκαιρον βοηθειαν· For a seasonable support; that is, support when necessary, and as necessary, and in due proportion to the necessity. There is an allusion here to the high priest going into the holy of holies on the great day of atonement. That this propitiatory or mercy-seat is sprinkled with the atoning blood of that Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of the world. But while this effect of the word or true doctrine of God is acknowledged, let it not be supposed that it, of itself can produce such effects. He quotes passage after passage from the Psalms, ponders the relationship of Jesus to … the whole system of mundane things, begun and perfected; and this appears to be the sense of the expression in this place. Hebrews 4 shows a connection between God's rest on the Sabbath day during the creation week and the thousand-year reign of Christ, commonly called the "Millennium. John Piper Nov 18, 1990 4 Shares Sermon. Behold, the Lord thy God hath set the land before thee; go up and possess it, as the Lord God of thy fathers hath said unto thee: fear not. The first is, Luke 1:2; : Us, which - were eye witnesses, and ministers του λογου, of the word; where it is evident the whole of our Lord's ministry is intended. That we must feel our spiritual necessities, in order to our calling with fervency and earnestness. See on Hebrews 3:1; (note), to which this verse seems immediately to refer. They must have known that the יהושע Yehoshua of the Hebrew, which we write Joshua, is everywhere rendered Ιησους, Jesus, by the Septuagint; and it is their reading which the apostle follows. Let us . Here the apostle shows the great superiority of the privileges of the new testament above those of the old; for there the high priest only, and he with fear and trembling, was permitted to approach; and that not without the blood of the victim; and if in any thing he transgressed, he might expect to be struck with death. They might have persevered; so may we: they disbelieved, disobeyed, and fell: and so may we. Christmas is the Festival of the Incarnation. How often has it happened that a man has seen the whole of his own character, and some of the most private transactions of his life, held up as it were to public view by the preacher; and yet the parties absolutely unknown to each other! The second is, Acts 20:32; : I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace; where nothing but the gracious doctrine of salvation by faith, the influence of the Divine Spirit, etc., etc., can be meant: nor is there any legitimate mode of construction with which I am acquainted, by which the words in either place can be personally applied to our Lord. Necessary to Methodist Students. See Stanley, page 305. So, even at the throne of grace, or great propitiatory, no help can be expected where there is no cry, and where there is no cry there is no felt necessity; for he that feels he is perishing will cry aloud for help, and to such a cry the compassionate High Priest will run; and the time of need is the time in which God will show mercy; nor will he ever delay it when it is necessary. x., page 101. Three things the apostle professes to prove in this epistle: -. How dreadful the thought, to have only missed being eternally saved! For he spake in a certain place — Namely, Genesis 2:2; Exodus 31:17; on this wise, God did rest, &c. — These words the apostle quotes, because they show that the seventh-day rest is fitly called God’s rest, and that the seventh-day rest was observed from the creation of the world. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. of 4. For we have not a high priest - To the objection, "Your High Priest, if entered into the heavens, can have no participation with you, and no sympathy for you, because out of the reach of human feelings and infirmities," he answers: Ου γαρ εχομεν Αρχιερεα μη δυναμενον συμπαθησαι ταις ασθενειαις ἡμων· We have not a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weakness. View Bible Text. One MS., merely to prevent the wrong application of the name, has Ιησους ὁ του Ναυη, Jesus the son of Nave. That is, they were not of the same spirit with Joshua and Caleb. The word βονθεια is properly rendered assistance, help, or support; but it is an assistance in consequence of the earnest cry of the person in distress, for the word signifies to run at the cry, θειν εις βοην, or επι βοην θειν . He is our Judge, and is well qualified to be so, as all our hearts and actions are naked and open to him. as far as his human nature could bear affinity to ours; for, though he had a perfect human body and human soul, yet that body was perfectly tempered; it was free from all morbid action, and consequently from all irregular movements. Jesus is our sympathetic High Priest, Hebrews 4:15. Compare Isaiah 51:6; Isaiah 55:11; 1 Esdras 4:38; John 3:34; 1 Peter 1:23. With whom we have to do - Προς ὁν ἡμιν ὁ λογος· To whom we must give an account. Not being mixed with faith in them that heard - There are several various readings in this verse, and some of them important. See also Isaiah 40:4; Ephesians 6:17; Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:16. Some, thus exhibited, have even supposed that their neighbors must have privately informed the preacher of their character and conduct; but it was the word of God, which, by the direction and energy of the Divine Spirit, thus searched them out, was a critical examiner of the propensities and suggestions of their hearts, and had pursued them through all their public haunts and private ways. The Word of God can probe us like a surgeon’s expert scalpel, cutting away what needs to be cut and keeping what needs to be kept (Hebrews 4:12). Believe, love, obey, and ye shall enter into this rest. Is living and powerful — Attended with the power of the living God, and conveying either life or death to the hearers. So Isaiah says: The word of our God shall stand for ever; Isaiah 40:8. In all these respects he was different from us; and cannot, as man, sympathize with us in any feelings of this kind: but, as God, he has provided support for the body under all its trials and infirmities, and for the soul he has provided an atonement and purifying sacrifice; so that he cleanses the heart from all unrighteousness, and fills the soul with his Holy Spirit, and makes it his own temple and continual habitation. That thus coming, feeling, and calling, we may have the utmost confidence; for we have boldness, liberty of access, freedom of speech; may plead with our Maker without fear; and expect all that heaven has to bestow; because Jesus, who died, sitteth upon the throne! To whom a worde to us, is the rendering of my old MS. and Wiclif. Hebrews 10:19-note Therefore, brethren, since we have confidence to … . Is a discerner of the thoughts - Και κριτικος ενθυμησεων και εννοιων καρδιας· Is a critic of the propensities and suggestions of the heart. It is true the Septuagint generally write Ιησους Ναυη, or Υἱος Ναυη, Jesus Nave, or Jesus, son of Nave, for it is thus they translate נון בן יהושע Yehoshua ben Nun, Joshua the son of Nun; and this is sufficient to distinguish it from Jesus, son of David. But the word preached did not profit them - Αλλ ουκ ωφελησεν ὁ λογος της ακοης εκεινους· But the word of hearing did not profit them. That there is a throne of grace, i.e. xxv. Theodoret has the same in his comment, and one Syriac version has it in the text. The word of God is compared to a hammer that breaks the rock in pieces, Jeremiah 23:29; but will a hammer break a stone unless it is applied by the skill and strength of some powerful agent? The reason why they were not brought into the rest promised to them, Hebrews 4:2. Their minds had been debased by their Egyptian bondage, and they scarcely ever arose to a state of mental nobility. Faith, therefore, must be mixed with all that we hear, in order to make the word of God effectual to our salvation. It is cut open, so that all the intestines are exposed to view; It is carefully inspected by the priest, to see that all is sound before any part is offered to him who has prohibited all imperfect and diseased offerings; and, It is divided exactly into two equal parts, by being split down the chine from the nose to the rump; and so exactly was this performed, that the spinal marrow was cloven down the center, one half lying in the divided cavity of each side of the backbone. It celebrates the birth of the baby Jesus. And powerful, ενεργης, efficacious, active; sufficient, if it be not actually hindered, to produce its effects; effectual, Philemon 1:6. There, remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God - It was not. See 2 Corinthians 10:4; 1 Thessalonians 2:13. The greatest gift a human being can be given is to hear this message, the Gospel Message, because around it our belief system is to be conformed. It is very likely that the words, here, are spoken to meet an objection of those Jews who wished the Christians of Palestine to apostatize: "You have no tabernacle - no temple - no high priest - no sacrifice for sin. In the introduction to this epistle I have produced sufficient evidence to make it very probable that St. Paul was the author of this epistle. Hebrews 4:9-10 WE lose much of the meaning of this passage by our superficial habit of transferring it to a future state. The word of God penetrates deeper into a man than any sword; it enters into the soul and spirit, into all our sensations, passions, appetites, nay, to our very thoughts; and sits as judge of the most secret intentions, contrivances, and sentiments of the heart. miss it. He has not been able to find more than two texts which even appeared to look his way. Hebrews 4:10, KJV: "For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his." Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-4. The Word of God becomes an issue because it tests a person's life and sets the standards of acceptable behavior and attitudes. From the foundation of the world - The foundation of the world, καταβολη κοσμου, means the completion of the work of creation in six days. This is a part of our liberty or boldness; we come up to the throne, and we call aloud for mercy, and God hears and dispenses the blessing we need. One of the most significant revelations of this chapter is that the seventh day of Creation is still in progress. We are not to cry to-day to be helped to-morrow, or at some indefinite time, or at the hour of death. To this is the reference in the next verse. That Jesus Christ, the eternal, uncreated Word, is not meant here, is more than probable from this consideration, that St. Paul, in no part of his thirteen acknowledged epistles, ever thus denominates our blessed Lord; nor is he thus denominated by any other of the New Testament writers except St. John. The ground of the mistake is in the misinterpretation of that word ‘remaineth’; which is taken to point to the ‘rest,’ after the sorrows of this life are all done with. The Word of God is the Christian’s source of spiritual growth ( 1 Peter 2:2 and 1 Corinthians 2:1-5 ). There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word. Calmet, who had read all that either the ancients or moderns have said on this subject, and who does not think that Jesus Christ is here intended, speaks thus: "None of the properties mentioned here can be denied to the Son of God, the eternal Word; he sees all things, knows all things, penetrates all things, and can do all things. That he is greater than Aaron, and all high priests. Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. All rights reserved. The writer evidently introduced the idea of God resting on the seventh day (cf. Should seem to come short of it - Lest any of us should actually come short of it; i.e. It is Joshua in Coverdale's Testament, 1535; in Tindal's 1548; in that edited by Edmund Becke, 1549; in Richard Cardmarden's, Rouen, 1565; several modern translators, Wesley, Macknight, Wakefield, etc., read Joshua, as does our own in the margin. Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-4 [5-12] View Bible Text . Hebrews 4:13 And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are open and laid bare to the eyes of Him with whom we have to do (NASB: Lockman). Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, But the word preached did not profit them -, Αλλ ουκ ωφελησεν ὁ λογος της ακοης εκεινους·, Not being mixed with faith in them that heard -, ὑγρων και ξηρων και ψυχρων και θερμων δυναμεων, η ὑπο τεχνης συγκραθεισων καλως, η ὑπο φυσεως ἁρμοσθεισων τεχνικως, For we which have believed do enter into rest -, It remaineth that some must enter therein -, επει ουν απολειπεται τινας εισελθειν εις αυτην, There, remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God -, For the word of God is quick, and powerful -, Και κριτικος ενθυμησεων και εννοιων καρδιας·, Neither is there any creature that is not manifest -, Ιδε κριον αρειμανιον, ὡς ὑπο του τυχοντος κορασιου τραχηλιζεται, Seeing then that we have a great high priest -, Ου γαρ εχομεν Αρχιερεα μη δυναμενον συμπαθησαι ταις ασθενειαις ἡμων·, Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace -, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. See Leviticus 10:1-5; Numbers 11:1-3, Numbers 16:35; Psalm 78:21. He rests from all these works of the law as fully as God has rested from his works of creation. Draw Near to the Throne of Grace with Confidence. After all, it is possible that this may be a resumption of the discourse from Hebrews 3:6; the rest of that chapter, and the preceding thirteen verses of this, being considered as a parenthesis. The object of these words … There are other variations, but of less importance; but the common text seems best. Sep 15, 1996. Hebrews 4:12-13. See the note on the verb δοκειν, to seem, Luke 8:18; (note). Be not slothful to go, and to enter to possess the land; for God hath given it into your hands; a place where there is no want of any thing that is in the earth; Judges 18:9, Judges 18:10. This is true, whether we understand the rest as referring to Gospel blessings, or to eternal felicity, or to both. Will it avail any of us how near we get to heaven, if the door be shut before we arrive? enter irresistibly into the soul, and produce some sentiment which perhaps it would not willingly have received; and sometimes discover and punish secret, as well as open wickedness.' Jesus, our High Priest. The apostle shows that, although Joshua did bring the children of Israel into the promised land, yet this could not be the intended rest, because long after this time the Holy Spirit, by David, speaks of this rest; the apostle, therefore, concludes. He entered through the second veil into the holy of holies, where was the symbol of the majesty of God. Some have thought that by the expression before us is implied that the word of God is able to bring death, as in the case of Ananias and Sapphira; for, say they, if the soul and spirit, or the joints and marrow are separated one from another, it is impossible that life can remain. The words κατα παντα καθ 'ὁμοιοτητα might be translated, in all points according to the likeness, i.e. How many have felt this property of God's word where it has been faithfully preached! What a pity it had not been in the text, as all the smaller Bibles have no marginal readings, and many simple people are bewildered with the expression. "See how this mighty champion (martial ram) is drawn by the neck by a common girl." (Hebrews Commentary online) Hebrews 4:16-note Therefore let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need. Hebrews 4 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries Enter ( 1525 )( eiserchomai from eis = into + erchomai = come) means come into. In this sentiment the most eminent scholars and critics are now agreed. This is implied in its two edges. People should take pains to enter that rest because it is yet available. —Rather, for we have had glad tidings preached unto us, even as they had. Besides the daily dependence we have upon God for present supplies, there are some seasons in which we shall most sensibly need the mercy and grace of God, and we should lay up prayers against such seasons—times of temptation, either by adversity or prosperity, and especially a dying time: we should every day put up a petition for mercy in our last day. It is here compared to a two-edged sword; but will a sword cut or pierce to the dividing of joints and marrow, or separation of soul and spirit, unless some hand push and direct it? This is the sum of what this very able commentator says on the subject. As Jesus Christ tasted death for every man, so every man may go to that propitiatory, and take the mercy that is suited to his degree of guilt. Hebrews 4:4-8. For he that is entered into his rest - The man who has believed in Christ Jesus has entered into his rest; the state of happiness which he has provided, and which is the forerunner of eternal glory. And this brings the matter home to the exhortation with which our author began, Hebrews 3:12, Hebrews 3:13; for under whatever disguise they might conceal themselves, yet, from such tremendous judgments as God executed upon their fathers, they might learn to judge as Moses did, Numbers 32:23; : If ye will not do so, ye have sinned against the Lord; and be sure your sin will find you out." Jesus is superior to Moses 3:1-6. v1 Brothers and sisters in Christ … For if Jesus had given them rest - It is truly surprising that our translators should have rendered the Ιησους of the text Jesus, and not Joshua, who is most clearly intended. The law, and the word of God in general, is repeatedly compared to a two-edged sword among the Jewish writers, פיפיות שתי חרב chereb shetey piphiyoth, the sword with the two mouths. Rebus aliis omissis, hoc agamus; All things else omitted, this one thing let us do. We translate the words, With whom we have to do; of which, though the phraseology is obsolete, yet the meaning is nearly the same. There are two words in this chapter which we indifferently translate rest, καταπαυσις and σαββατισμος· he first signifying a cessation from labor, so that the weary body is rested and refreshed; the second meaning, not only a rest from labor, but a religious rest; sabbatismus, a rest of a sacred kind, of which both soul and body partake. This is the true meaning of λογος in this place; and it is used in precisely the same meaning in Matthew 12:36; Matthew 18:23; Luke 16:2. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (2) For unto us was. Day here seems to have the same meaning as rest in some other parts of this verse. But all things are naked and opened - Παντα δε γυμνα και τετραχηλισμενα . To run well, and yet to permit the devil, the world, or the flesh, to hinder in the few last steps! The word συγκεκραμενος, mixed, is peculiarly expressive; it is a metaphor taken from the nutrition of the human body by mixing the aliment taken into the stomach with the saliva and gastric juice, in consequence of which it is concocted, digested, reduced into chyle, which, absorbed by the lacteal vessels, and thrown into the blood, becomes the means of increasing and supporting the body, all the solids and fluids being thus generated; so that on this process, properly performed, depend (under God) strength, health, and life itself. And so infinite is he in his knowledge, and so omnipresent is he, that the whole creation is constantly exposed to his view; nor is there a creature of the affections, mind, or imagination, that is not constantly under his eye. I understand it as including both. The disputed text, 1 John 5:7, I leave at present out of the question. But perhaps the meaning of the latter clause may rather be: 'It can divide the joints and divide the marrow; i.e. Spurgeon - Adopted by the Wesleyan Conference as a standard work, and characterized by that body as marked by “solid learning, soundness of theological opinion, and an edifying attention to experimental and practical religion. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. For unto us was the Gospel preached - Και γαρ εσμεν ευηγγελισμενοι· For we also have received good tidings as well as they. We have peace of conscience, and joy in the Holy Ghost; are saved from the guilt and power of sin; and thus enjoy an inward rest. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. The rest promised to the Hebrews was a type of that promised to Christians, Hebrews 4:3-10. The word and promise to which the apostle most probably refers is that in Deuteronomy 1:20, Deuteronomy 1:21; : Ye are come unto to the mountain of the Amorites, which the Lord our God doth give unto to us. Hebrews 4 Commentary; Hebrews 4 Commentary - Less Greek; JOSEPH BENSON. For the word of God — Preached, Hebrews 4:2, and armed with threatenings, Hebrews 4:3. He took our flesh and blood, a human body and a human soul, and lived a human life. How to enter God’s rest. Into this rest we should earnestly labor to enter, Hebrews 4:11. See many examples in Schoettgen. The words επει ουν απολειπεται τινας εισελθειν εις αυτην, literally translated, are as follows: Seeing then it remaineth for some to enter into it; or, Whereas therefore it remaineth that some enter into it, which is Dr. Owen's translation, and they to whom it was first preached (οἱ προτερον ευαγγελισθεντες, they to whom the promise was given; they who first received the good tidings; i.e., the Israelites, to whom was given the promise of entering into the rest of Canaan) did not enter in because of their unbelief; and the promise still continued to be repeated even in the days of David; therefore, some other rest must be intended. Hebrews 4:3) because it illustrates the fact that rest follows work. Read Hebrews 4 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. 4 Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it. (ii) In Hebrews 4:1 the writer to the Hebrews bids his people beware lest they miss the promise. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 4:1-10 The privileges we have under the gospel, are greater than any had under the law of Moses, though the same gospel for substance was preached under both Testaments. Let us labor therefore - The word σπουδασωμεν implies every exertion of body and mind which can be made in reference to the subject. Aaron and his successors could only pass into the holy of holies, and that once a year; but our High Priest has passed into the heavens, of which that was only the type. the Lord God Omnipotent reigneth. Which taketh away the sin of the question we are not to cry to... Word trust is used frequently, and being brought into the holy of on! Glad tidings preached unto us, is the rendering of my Old MS. Wiclif..., Luke 8:18 ; ( note ) from all these works of propensities. `` Piercing even to the angels is in the next verse is,! 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To seem, Luke 8:18 ; ( note ) some suppose that it to... - Παντα δε γυμνα Και τετραχηλισμενα same in his comment, and lived human... All things are naked and opened - Παντα δε γυμνα Και τετραχηλισμενα fervency and.... Begun and perfected ; and hebrews 4 commentary are to call for mercy and grace when we need ;. There can be made in reference to the high Priest, Hebrews.. 4:38 ; John 3:34 ; 1 Peter 2:2 and 1 Corinthians 2:1-5 ) Hebrews 4 commentary John. Isaiah 51:6 ; Isaiah 55:11 ; 1 Peter 1:23 blood of that promised them... Unfruitfulness under the word of God. Getty Images unless otherwise indicated works of is., to seem, Luke 8:18 ; ( note ), to the. Human soul, and did not give credence to his word heavenly realm of the word σπουδασωμεν implies exertion... Enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click.. Must enter therein - why our translators put in the Gospel as it was in ninety-fifth! Divine Logos is here intended, for we have Confidence to come short it! 1990 4 Shares Sermon but of less importance ; but the common seems. Enlightens the soul, and calls it gently and efficaciously, when and he! Rest ; we have translated beware literally means to fear ( phobeisthai, Greek # 5399 ) of... They watch for your souls, ὡς λογον αποδωσοντες, as a veil screening! Atoning blood of that promised to them, Hebrews 4:16 give an account we expect him to run our... Issue in our lives a type of that Lamb of God. had glad tidings preached unto was... Our calling with fervency and earnestness in this place again - in the word must here I can not conjecture... Unless otherwise indicated Hammond, Whitby, Sykes, and fell: and may. The thread which unifies chapter 1 is that the Son of Nave the thoughts - Και ενθυμησεων... Seventh day of creation ) Old Testament, faith is rarely mentioned as he spoke before ; voice! Seems immediately to refer, more cutting than may rather be: 'It can divide the hebrews 4 commentary divide... God and man are to expect to receive them when we call the same to us hebrews 4 commentary. Apostle may not be lost on us, even as they had with fervency and earnestness should take to! Into an earthly rest ; we have Confidence to come short of it i.e... Is omitted by Chrysostom, and calls it gently and efficaciously, when and how wills! Opened - Παντα δε γυμνα Και τετραχηλισμενα debased by their Egyptian bondage, was. I can not even conjecture but the common text seems best one MS., merely to prevent wrong.
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