Their hope was probably to slip into Jericho without being spotted, for they did not realise that Jericho was already very much aware of the Israelite army across the Jordan. Then Joshua the son of Nun sent two men as spies secretly from Shittim, saying, "Go, view the land, especially Jericho." "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". 2 The king of Jericho was told, “Look, some of the Israelites have come here tonight to spy out the land.” 3 So the king of Jericho sent this message to Rahab:z “Bring out the men who came to you and entered your house, because they have come to spy out the whole land.” It may equally signify a hostess, and a prostitute. BibliographyConstable, Thomas. . Hebrew, plural of ish or enosh. Heb. We may add with Serrarius, that, perhaps, Rahab was one of those young women, who, in a religious view, devoted herself to impurity in the idol temples. BibliographyClarke, Adam. [Note: Josephus, 5:1:2 , 7. (33) But the probability is, that while the messengers were courting secrecy, and shunning observation and all places of public intercourse, they came to a woman who dwelt in a retired spot. Sent; or, had sent, as that tense is oft used. (Read Joshua 2:1-7) Faith in God's promises ought not to do away, but to encourage our diligence in the use of proper means. 1765. 1. Why some try to avoid the name harlot, and interpret זונה as meaning one who keeps an inn, I see not, unless it be that they think it disgraceful to be the guests of a courtesan, or wish to wipe off a stigma from a woman who not only received the messengers kindly, but secured their safety by singular courage and prudence. But what completes in my judgment the evidence on this point is, that this very Rahab, whom we call a harlot, was actually married to Salmon, a Jewish prince, see Matthew 1:5. It is evident Joshua did not this out of distrust; it is probable, he had God's command and direction in it for the encouragement of himself and his army. The same critic supposes the moon to have been the tutelary deity of Jericho. It is very likely that women kept the places of public entertainment among the Philistines; and that it was with such a one, and not with a harlot, that Samson lodged; (see Judges 16:1, etc. And they went, and came into an harlot's house, named Rahab, and lodged there. "Commentary on Joshua 2:1". Whatever were her modes of life, her house was the most favourable place for the execution of their design. There is no hint of surprise in the ancient author that such a woman should be susceptible of religious aspirations, the one potential follower of Jehovah in the corrupted land. Showing difference of authorship. Literally, from the acacias (see note on Joshua 2:1). "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". De Bello Jud. Numbers 13) went. The word for ‘prostitute’ can also signify a cult prostitute (see Ezekiel 16:15-16; Hosea 4:14; Hosea 9:1; Micah 1:7), but probably not here. Herodotus, speaking concerning the many differences between Egypt and other countries, and the peculiarity of their laws and customs, expressly says: Εν τοισι αἱ μεν γυναικες αγοραζουσι και καπηλευουσι· οἱ δε ανδρες, κατ ' οικους εοντες, ὑφαινουσι. It is granted that the Septuagint, who are followed by Hebrews 11:31, and James 2:25, translate the Hebrew זונה zonah by πορνη, which generally signifies a prostitute; but it is not absolutely evident that the Septuagint used the word in this sense. See also Hess, pp83-84; and M. A. Beek, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Joshua 2:1". The spies probably stayed at Rahab"s house because they hoped to be less conspicuous there than they would have been if they had lodged elsewhere. the land and Jericho, i.e. See App-14. sent . And not only on philological grounds is the rendering hostess untenable, but oriental customs are against such an interpretation. And they went, and came into an harlot’s house, named Rahab, and lodged there. Secretly - It is very probable also that these were confidential persons, and that the transaction was between them and him alone. But it is that very light of Christ itself which shows that the form which our repugnance takes is unjust, selfish, and uncharitable. James 2:25. No one is so severe as He upon impurity. They put their tents by … Secretly — With reference not to his enemies, that being the practice of all spies, but to the Israelites; a good caution to prevent the inconvenience which possibly might have arisen if their report had been discouraging. "Commentary on Joshua 2:1". Probably less well remembered are the context in which Joshua makes the charge … Continue reading "Commentary on Joshua 24:1-2a, 14-18" the land and Jericho, i.e. The spies who were sent out on this occasion were undoubtedly the most confidential persons that Joshua had in his host; they went on an errand of the most weighty importance, and which involved the greatest consequences. This plain is encircled on the western side by a naked and barren range of mountains, which stretches as far as Beisan towards the north and to the Dead Sea on the south. "Commentary on Joshua 2:1". The profession of Rahab is mentioned without comment of praise or blame. ); and accordingly Joshua, while confiding in the accomplishment of the divine promise (Joshua 1:3), adopted every precaution which a skillful general could think of to render his first attempt in the invasion of Canaan successful. Joshua … sent … two men to spy secretly—Faith is manifested by an active, persevering use of means (Jas 2:22); and accordingly Joshua, while confident in the accomplishment of the divine promise (Jos 1:3), adopted every precaution which a skilful general could think of to render his first attempt in the invasion of Canaan successful. [Note: Josephus, 5:1:2 , 7. The land, even Jericho, i.e. If the Israelites were to gain a foothold in Canaan, they would have to defeat Jericho. 1999. The people were camped on the east side of Jordan. "E.W. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. (1) Joshua . Joshua 2:1 Chapter two of Joshua actually begins the exciting story of how Israel conquered Canaan. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". [Note: Moshe Weinfeld, The Promise of the Land: The Inheritance of the Land of Canaan by the Israelites, pp141-43.]. She is the pivot on which the Canaan of unnameable abominations, the Canaan exposed to the curse, and blotted from the face of the earth, becomes the Canaan of the promise, the land of the world’s desire, the symbol of the heavens. to learn the state of the land and people, and what way and method they should proceed in. This lectionary is very similar to that of Year B, Twelfth Sunday after Pentecost, which covers Joshua 24:1-2a; 14-18. And the seven devils went out of them at His touch, and they were pure as in the days of their childhood. all the kings which were on this side — that is, the western side of Jordan.. in the hills, and in the valleys, and in all the coasts of the great sea — This threefold distinction marks out very clearly a large portion of Canaan. She was saved by faith, not by her own righteousness. From the issues of the torrent Kelt, on the south, to the copious spring, afterwards called the ‘Fountain of Elisha,’ on the north, the ancient city ran along the base of the mountains, and thus commanded the oasis of the desert valley, the garden of verdure, which clustering around these waters has, through the various stages of its long existence, secured its prosperity and grandeur.” The modern village Rihah is, by some travellers, identified with ancient Jericho, and is described by Dr. Olin as one of the meanest and foulest of Palestine, containing about forty houses, with a sickly, indolent, and vicious population. So the men went up and spied out Ai. Clarke (1760-1832) was Methodist, Wesleyan, Arminian, (e.g., Clarke "suggested that although God can know all future events, He chooses not to know some events beforehand" Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, page 808).He did not always interpret Scripture literally and so was amillennial (to quote Clarke on 1000 years - "I am satisfied that this period should … This supposition removes every difficulty that can arise in this history with respect to the order of time, and clears up the 22nd verse of the present chapter. The return of the spies to Joshua, with the assurance they gave of the certainty of their success in the conquering of the country, from what they had seen and heard, is also related in this Chapter. In short, he sends spies on whose report he may provide against all dangers. 13, ) Joshua himself was one of them and it proved of ill consequence. . 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