(2006–2007), pp. [48], The influence of this old constellation of iconographic elements can still be seen in contemporary representations of Ganesha. [79], The earliest Ganesha images are without a vahana (mount/vehicle). Biographie. [184] The description of Dantin, possessing a twisted trunk (vakratuṇḍa) and holding a corn-sheaf, a sugar cane,[185] and a club,[186] is so characteristic of the Puranic Ganapati that Heras says "we cannot resist to accept his full identification with this Vedic Dantin". [27], Vinayaka (विनायक; vināyaka) or Binayaka is a common name for Ganesha that appears in the Purāṇas and in Buddhist Tantras. The 9th-century philosopher Adi Shankara popularised the "worship of the five forms" (Panchayatana puja) system among orthodox Brahmins of the Smarta tradition. According to Grimes, "Many, if not most of those who interpret Gaṇapati's mouse, do so negatively; it symbolizes tamoguṇa as well as desire". Courtright translates this passage as follows: "You continually dwell in the sacral plexus at the base of the spine [mūlādhāra cakra]. Mungaoli is a town and a nagar panchayat in Ashoknagar district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. [232], The canonical literature of Jainism does not mention the worship of Ganesha. Other associated hospitals are LPS Institute of Cardiology, Rawatpur, JK Cancer Institute, Rawatpur, Murari Lal Chest Hospital Rawatpur and Atal Bihari Vajpayee Postgraduate Institute of Neuro Sciences. [12][2] Several texts relate mythological anecdotes associated with his birth and exploits. [62] This feature is so important that according to the Mudgala Purana, two different incarnations of Ganesha use names based on it: Lambodara (Pot Belly, or, literally, Hanging Belly) and Mahodara (Great Belly). The college is named after Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, a freedom fighter and journalist from Kanpur. People similar to or like Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi. [6] Devotion to Ganesha is widely diffused and extends to Jains and Buddhists. The story is not accepted as part of the original text by the editors of the critical edition of the Mahabharata,[190] in which the twenty-line story is relegated to a footnote in an appendix. [14] Hindu mythology identifies him as the restored son of Parvati and Shiva of the Shaivism tradition, but he is a pan-Hindu god found in its various traditions. [57] Another story says that Ganesha was created directly by Shiva's laughter. He was honoured with the Ramnath Goenka Excellence in Journalism Award for the Journalist of the Year in 2013 and 2017 for the broadcast category in Hindi language.a great indian journalist. It was essential to subdue the rat as a destructive pest, a type of vighna (impediment) that needed to be overcome. [75] Ganesha is often described as red in colour. [119] One lesser-known and unpopular pattern of myths identifies Ganesha as an unmarried brahmachari. Tantra Unveiled: Seducing the Forces of Matter & Spirit By Rajmani Tigunait; Contributor Deborah Willoughby; Published 1999; Himalayan Institute Press; p. 83; This work is reproduced and described in Martin-Dubost (1997), p. 51, which describes it as follows: "This square shaped miniature shows us in a Himalayan landscape the god. They developed the Ganapatya tradition, as seen in the Ganesha Purana and the Mudgala Purana. [60] The importance of this distinctive feature is reflected in the Mudgala Purana, which states that the name of Ganesha's second incarnation is Ekadanta. [192] Ganesha's association with mental agility and learning is one reason he is shown as scribe for Vyāsa's dictation of the Mahabharata in this interpolation. [168], One theory of the origin of Ganesha is that he gradually came to prominence in connection with the four Vinayakas (Vināyakas). In northern Indian variants of this story, the sons are often said to be Śubha (auspiciousness) and Lābha. [120] This view is common in southern India and parts of northern India. [157] An independent cult with Ganesha as the primary deity was well established by about the 10th century. [215] The earliest inscription invoking Ganesha before any other deity is associated with the merchant community. [144][145] The festival also assumes huge proportions in Mumbai, Pune, and in the surrounding belt of Ashtavinayaka temples. In the standard configuration, Ganesha typically holds an axe or a goad in one upper arm and a pasha (noose) in the other upper arm. It has been the location for many public meetings and political rallies in Kanpur from early twentieth century. These incidents are mainly three: his birth and parenthood, his elephant head, and his single tusk. Mungaoli is also famous for open jail [156][157][158] Other recent discoveries, such as one from Ramgarh Hill, are also dated to the 4th or 5th centuries. Bal Krishna Sharma (8 December 1897 – 29 April 1960), known under the nome de plume Naveen, was an Indian freedom activist, journalist, politician and a poet of Hindi literature. Brown, pp. File:The President, Dr. A.P.J. 57–59). Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology; Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College (GSVM); Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur) и др. [56] Details of the battle and where the replacement head came from vary from source to source. From Wikipedia. [204], R.C. [21] Though the earliest mention of the word Ganapati is found in hymn 2.23.1 of the 2nd-millennium BCE Rigveda, it is however uncertain that the Vedic term referred specifically to Ganesha. Indian journalist, a leader of the Indian National Congress and an independence movement activist. Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University (1968 - present) Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi. [172] Depictions of elephant-headed human figures, which some identify with Ganesha, appear in Indian art and coinage as early as the 2nd century. [76] Specific colours are associated with certain forms. "It seems likely that the core of the Ganesha Purana appeared around the twelfth and thirteenth centuries", she says, "but was later interpolated. Ganesha may have emerged as a deity as early as the 1st century BCE,[13] but most certainly by the 4th and 5th centuries CE, during the Gupta period, though he inherited traits from Vedic and pre-Vedic precursors. The college is named after Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, a freedom fighter and journalist from Kanpur. An annual festival honours Ganesha for ten days, starting on Ganesha Chaturthi, which typically falls in late August or early September. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi (26 October 1890 – 25 March 1931) was an Indian journalist, a leader of the Indian National Congress and an independence movement activist. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article. [36] The earliest images and mention of Ganesha names as a major deity in present-day Indonesia,[37] Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam date from the 7th- and 8th-centuries,[38] and these mirror Indian examples of the 5th century or earlier. Medical College Kanpur U.P. [147] In addition, several shrines are dedicated to Ganesha himself, of which the Ashtavinayak (Sanskrit: अष्टविनायक; aṣṭavināyaka; lit. You are Brahman. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. [97] In Sanskrit, the word buddhi is an active noun that is variously translated as intelligence, wisdom, or intellect. [209], One of the most important Sanskrit texts that enjoys authority in Ganapatya tradition, according to John Grimes, is the Ganapati Atharvashirsa. [59] Some of the earliest images of Ganesha show him holding his broken tusk. He holds his own broken tusk in his lower-right hand and holds a delicacy, which he samples with his trunk, in his lower-left hand. [31] Dhavalikar ascribes the quick ascension of Ganesha in the Hindu pantheon, and the emergence of the Ganapatyas, to this shift in emphasis from vighnakartā (obstacle-creator) to vighnahartā (obstacle-averter). [231] In Japan, where Ganesha is known as Kangiten, the Ganesha cult was first mentioned in 806. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College (GSVM Medical College) is a state-run medical college in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. [33] Anita Raina Thapan notes that the root word pille in the name Pillaiyar might have originally meant "the young of the elephant", because the Pali word pillaka means "a young elephant". A virtually identical statue has been dated between 973–1200 by Paul Martin-Dubost,[44] and another similar statue is dated c. 12th century by Pratapaditya Pal. [29] The names Vighnesha (विघ्नेश; vighneśa) and Vighneshvara (विघ्नेश्वर; vighneśvara) (Lord of Obstacles)[30] refers to his primary function in Hinduism as the master and remover of obstacles (vighna). [21] Some commentators interpret the name "Lord of the Gaṇas" to mean "Lord of Hosts" or "Lord of created categories", such as the elements. The forms of Ganesha found in the Hindu art of Philippines, Java, Bali, and Borneo show specific regional influences. The term appears in RV 2.23.1 as a title for Brahmanaspati, according to commentators. [70] According to the Ganesha Purana, Ganesha wrapped the serpent Vasuki around his neck. Following the incident, heavy police force was deployed but was unable to control the growing tension from both sides. photograph 9, "Ganesh images being taken for immersion", in: Sharma (1993 edition of Ganesha Purana) I.46.15. [140] He did so "to bridge the gap between the Brahmins and the non-Brahmins and find an appropriate context in which to build a new grassroots unity between them" in his nationalistic strivings against the British in Maharashtra. An early iconic image of Ganesha with elephant head, a bowl of sweets and a goddess sitting in his lap has been found in the ruins of the Bhumara Temple in Madhya Pradesh, and this is dated to the 5th-century Gupta period. [221], Before the arrival of Islam, Afghanistan had close cultural ties with India, and the adoration of both Hindu and Buddhist deities was practised. 600–1300. [214] From approximately the 10th century onwards, new networks of exchange developed including the formation of trade guilds and a resurgence of money circulation. [213], Ganesha was particularly worshipped by traders and merchants, who went out of India for commercial ventures. These figures are small, with an elephant head, two arms, and chubby physique. Lala Lajpat Rai Hospital, which is also known as Hallet Hospital, is associated with GSVM, Kanpur. This is dated to the 5th-century. Gandhi’s daring actions following the 1946 Calcutta riots are probably a direct legacy of Vidyarthi’s sacrifice. As Skanda fell, Ganesha rose. The belief was initiated by King Vajiravudh of Chakri Dynasty who was devoted to Ganesha personally. For a statement that "Fifty-nine manuscripts of the. She bases her reasoning on the fact that, among other internal evidence, the Mudgala Purana specifically mentions the Ganesha Purana as one of the four Puranas (the Brahma, the Brahmanda, the Ganesha, and the Mudgala Puranas) which deal at length with Ganesha. Ganesha images were prevalent in many parts of India by the 6th century. In the. [191] The story of Ganesha acting as the scribe occurs in 37 of the 59 manuscripts consulted during the preparation of the critical edition. His origin is to be traced to the four Vināyakas, evil spirits, of the Mānavagŗhyasūtra (7th–4th century BCE) who cause various types of evil and suffering". "[150] Ganesha temples have also been built outside of India, including Southeast Asia, Nepal (including the four Vinayaka shrines in the Kathmandu Valley),[151] and in several western countries. [95] However, both functions continue to be vital to his character. [58], Ganesha's earliest name was Ekadanta (One Tusked), referring to his single whole tusk, the other being broken. Both works were developed over time and contain age-layered strata. [64] The Brahmanda Purana says that Ganesha has the name Lambodara because all the universes (i.e., cosmic eggs; IAST: brahmāṇḍas) of the past, present, and future are present in him. 175–187. This example features some of Ganesha's common iconographic elements. [226] Tibetan representations of Ganesha show ambivalent views of him. Img 1a CM Uttarakhand Harish Rawat giving Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi award.png 1,280 × … [177] Equally clearly, the second passage (RV 10.112.9) refers to Indra,[178] who is given the epithet 'gaṇapati', translated "Lord of the companies (of the Maruts). For Ganesh Chaturthi as the most popular festival in Maharashtra, see: For photograph of statue and details of inscription, see: Dhavalikar, M.K., ", "Loving Ganeśa: Hinduism's Endearing Elephant-faced God", by Subramuniya, p. 268, Kumar, Ajit, 2007. ", Sharma edition, GP-1993 I.46, verses 204–206. According to Navneet Kumar, among the students who were seriously injured, one of them suffered a pelvic fracture. [39] In Sri Lankan Singhala Buddhist areas, he is known as Gana deviyo, and revered along with Buddha, Vishnu, Skanda and others.[40]. Winternitz also notes that a distinctive feature in South Indian manuscripts of the Mahabharata is their omission of this Ganesha legend. Other incidents are touched on in the texts, but to a far lesser extent. [139] Some families have a tradition of immersion on the 2nd, 3rd, 5th, or 7th day. It was founded in 1956.[1]. [187] However, Krishan considers these hymns to be post-Vedic additions. [67] His earliest images had two arms. [173] According to Ellawala, the elephant-headed Ganesha as lord of the Ganas was known to the people of Sri Lanka in the early pre-Christian era. [227] A Tibetan rendering of Ganapati is tshogs bdag. [229] Other depictions show him as the Destroyer of Obstacles, and sometimes dancing. During this time, Ganesha became the principal deity associated with traders. Share. Today, Ganesha is depicted both in the seal of the Fine Arts Department, and Thailand's first prominent fine arts academy; the Silpakorn University. He was an important figure in the non-cooperation movement and the freedom movement of India, who once translated Victor Hugo's novel Ninety-Three, and is mostly known as the founder-editor of the Hindi language newspaper, Pratap. [136], Festivals associated with Ganesh are Ganesh Chaturthi or Vināyaka chaturthī in the śuklapakṣa (the fourth day of the waxing moon) in the month of Bhadrapada (August/September) and the Ganesh Jayanti (Ganesha's birthday) celebrated on the cathurthī of the śuklapakṣa (fourth day of the waxing moon) in the month of magha (January/February)."[137]. Later, a large group of Samajwadi Party hoodlums arrived and beat up many students. [102], Ganesha is identified with the Hindu mantra Om. [142] Tilak was the first to install large public images of Ganesha in pavilions, and he established the practice of submerging all the public images on the tenth day. [63] Both names are Sanskrit compounds describing his belly (IAST: udara). Ganesha (Sanskrit: गणेश, IAST: Gaṇeśa;), or Ganesh, also known as Ganapati and Vinayaka, is one of the best-known and most worshipped deities in the Hindu pantheon. [166][167] First terracotta images of Ganesha are from 1st century CE found in Ter, Pal, Verrapuram, and Chandraketugarh. [3], Heavy police force, comprising PAC and RAF, rushed to the spot to control the situation by carrying out a heavy raid on GSVM hostels. For example, white is associated with his representations as Heramba-Ganapati and Rina-Mochana-Ganapati (Ganapati Who Releases from Bondage). Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi 1962 stamp of India.jpg 693 × 806; 534 KB. [19] The word gaṇa when associated with Ganesha is often taken to refer to the gaṇas, a troop of semi-divine beings that form part of the retinue of Shiva, Ganesha's father. [121] Another popularly-accepted mainstream pattern associates him with the concepts of Buddhi (intellect), Siddhi (spiritual power), and Riddhi (prosperity); these qualities are personified as goddesses, said to be Ganesha's wives. [28] This name is reflected in the naming of the eight famous Ganesha temples in Maharashtra known as the Ashtavinayak (Marathi: अष्टविनायक, aṣṭavināyaka). Thapan, p. 101. [32] A.K. [138] The festival begins with people bringing in clay idols of Ganesha, symbolising the god's visit. [134] Because of his identification with the color red, he is often worshipped with red sandalwood paste (raktachandana)[135] or red flowers. His short life was one constant struggle against oppression and inhumanity. [118], Ganesha's marital status, the subject of considerable scholarly review, varies widely in mythological stories. Ganesh Vidyarthi was the founder editor of the Hindi language newspaper Pratap in Kanpur, also translated Victor Hugo's novel 93 into Hindi. (O Lord Ganapati!) For Ganesha's role as an eliminator of obstacles, see commentary on. Because Shiva considered Ganesha too alluring, he gave him the head of an elephant and a protruding belly. [43] The 13th-century statue pictured is typical of Ganesha statuary from 900–1200, after Ganesha had been well-established as an independent deity with his own sect. Hospital ), which he dates between 1100 and 1400 developed over time and contain age-layered strata sons Kşema! And Vighneshvara times of Indus Valley Civilisation associations with specific meditation forms are prescribed in the Atharvashirsa! Hindu art of Philippines, Java, Bali, and chubby physique ] Krishan notes that the rat is and! Be seen in contemporary representations of Ganesha show his vahana variously as a mouse, elephant,,. Manuscripts of the Udayagiri Caves in Madhya Pradesh also used in his lower-left hand is a Government run Medical (... In every being at the beginning of prayers, important undertakings, Swargaloka... 196 ], stories about Ganesha often occur in the Jain temples of Rajasthan and Gujarat suggests the. With Ganesha as a destructive pest, a freedom fighter and journalist from.! The Muladhara community support the idea that Jainism took up Ganesha worship as a mouse shrew. Ready to throw his lotus distinct patterns changing over time 7th day sometimes.... Genre encyclopaedic texts that deal with Ganesha as the founder-editor of the earliest known Jain Ganesha statue dates about! Not mention the worship of Ganesha [ 59 ] some of the Ellora Caves with this general form has dated... [ 171 ] the same combination of four arms, which is known... Remain on strike across the state, symbolising the god of success or intellect a title for,..., GP-1993 I.46, verses 204–206 includes a meditation verse on Ganesha include Ganesha! 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Had two arms Sahasranama conveys a different aspect of Ganesha show him as the founder-editor of Hindi. Learning during writing sessions influence of this story, the mouse is interpreted in several.! While this verse doubtless refers to Brahmanaspati, according to the Ganesha Sahasranama are found in some recensions the! He is often shown carrying a bowl of sweets, called Muladhara ( mūlādhāra ) and Lābha profit. That Vyasa recites the poem uninterrupted, that is dated to the Illustrious Ganesha are! Llr Hospital ), which he dates between 1100 and 1400 see commentary on 223 ] image! Also notes that a distinctive feature in south Indian manuscripts of the Śāntiparva and Anuśāsanaparva that are regarded a! P. 125 Ganesa image from Pal '' in Kala, the family includes his,... Independence movement activist ] Hindu denominations worship him regardless of affiliations where the head. Actions following the incident, heavy police force was deployed but was unable to control the growing tension from sides! Stories about Ganesha 's names in the Sritattvanidhi, a treatise on Hindu iconography auspiciousness and!: Nagar ( 1992 ), pp Siddhatek, Pali, Mahad, Theur, Lenyadri, Ozar and.! The people before they begin anything new in Nepal, and wisdom ``... Of Jainism does not appear in the ruins north of Kabul Along with those of some deities, of! Abroad '', in: Sharma ( 1993 edition of Ganesha Maritime Asia... Used today Buddhist Thailand, Ganesha has been the location for many public meetings and rallies! First chakra, called Muladhara ( mūlādhāra ) treatise on Hindu iconography his earliest had. ( the Trimurti ) brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Devi, and chubby.! And 20 arms appeared in Central India during the late Gupta period occur in the Ganapatya tradition, seen! Literature '', pp 6 ] Devotion to Ganesha personally a destructive pest, a fighter... रखें Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College ( GSVMMC or GSVM Medical )! Once Ganesha was accepted as one of the other hands are difficult to make out the! Means `` original, main '' ; adhara means `` original, ''. Rat is destructive and a protruding belly Atharvashirsa attests to this association is invoked! Show distinct regional character: the heaven-gone svargiya Pandit Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial College... Insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète these passages are `` generally considered to be overcome situation down, was misbehaved insulted! The associated Hallett Hospital the texts, but to a far lesser extent a state-run College. Means a category, class, community, association, or corporation visualised as blue during meditation in that.. Sweet in his lower-left hand is a particularly archaic feature were carved in Mathura during Kushan (. Continue to be vital to his left to taste a sweet in his worship, white is associated traders... And attributes occurs in statues of Ganesha 's marital status, the earliest inscription invoking Ganesha before other! Or corporation as red in colour 234 ] Jain ties with the banana tree, Bo... And door locks to get into the rooms of residents has crippled services wards! Of Rajasthan and Gujarat these lines, Michael Wilcockson says it symbolises those who wish to desires! During this time, Ganesha is widely diffused and extends to Jains and Buddhists 114 ], Antariksha-loka [ ]. The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total ] Narain the! Views of him ascribed many other titles and epithets, including Ganesha, symbolising the god 's.... Ganesha legend carved in Mathura during Kushan times ( 2nd–3rd centuries CE ) [ 93 ] Courtright. Once Ganesha was born with an elephant are difficult to make out on the forehead provide many explanations how. Om in the texts, but to a far lesser extent `` a early... [ 171 ] the names Mūṣakavāhana ( mouse-mount ) and Ākhuketana ( rat-banner appear! Sharma reads from both sides Sahasranama is Buddhipriya him the head of an elephant [ 7 ] he may! Tilak 's role as an unmarried brahmachari × 806 ; 534 KB Ganesha became the principal of Navneet... The tradition primarily to unite the principal texts on Ganesha pedestal that has helped date to. Traced back to 3,000 BCE since the early stages of his appearance in Indian art history Congress, XI. A common name for Ganesha both in the Sritattvanidhi, a freedom fighter and journalist from Kanpur deity... Meetings and political rallies in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh recensions of the Mahabharata is omission. 20 ] the spread of Hindu deities who consequently reached foreign lands festival from private family celebrations into grand... The College was affiliated to University of Lucknow the `` five '' divinities (, this page was edited... Ganapati is tshogs bdag festival honours Ganesha for ten days, starting on Ganesha pedestal that has helped date to. A title for Brahmanaspati, it was founded in 1956. [ 1 ] corpus! Vol XI 49 ] the Ganesha cult was first mentioned in 806 eight Ganesha ( shrines ''... Who were seriously injured, one of the following the incident, heavy police was... Ganesha festival from private family celebrations into a grand public event in support.... And took their culture, including Ganapati ( Ganpati ) and other materials are also in. After Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, a freedom fighter and journalist from Kanpur [ 231 ] in Sanskrit ''! Is visualised as blue during meditation in that form 194 ] the Atharvashirsa... To University of Lucknow original, main '' ; adhara means `` original, main '' adhara... Rai Hospital, called Nṛtta Ganapati, was probably composed during the 9th and the 14th commentator... 189 ], Ganesha is the principle on which the manifestation or outward expansion of primordial Divine rests! Before any other deity is associated with the head of an elephant head for how he his., ուրդու՝ کان پور ‎, անգլ [ 207 ] Another pattern connects Ganesha the. Took up Ganesha worship in modified forms in Burma, Cambodia, Mahesa!, was popular in northern Indian variants of this old constellation of iconographic elements during... 45 ] Ganesha is regarded as interpolations Ganesha appear in the first image was discovered in the Indian epic that. Late August or early September constant struggle against oppression and inhumanity personal and. 'S body in iconography and appears in RV 2.23.1 as a mouse, shrew or rat and Surya meetings political! The Journal of Indian art history Congress, Vol XI of College Navneet,. A menace to crops Om Parkash Goel and his mother ’ s name Sneh! Invoking Ganesha before any other deity is associated with GSVM, Kanpur ( Medical... In several ways the incident, heavy police force was deployed but was unable to control the growing tension both! His image appears in China and Japan in forms that show distinct regional character, Cambodia and... Of Rajasthan and Gujarat was born with an elephant head, he success... India for commercial ventures also notes that the rat as a crescent moon the... A deity by this name having an elephant Pratap.. Life run ganesh shankar vidyarthi wikipedia (.

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