(2006–2007), pp. , The influence of this old constellation of iconographic elements can still be seen in contemporary representations of Ganesha. , The earliest Ganesha images are without a vahana (mount/vehicle). Biographie.  The description of Dantin, possessing a twisted trunk (vakratuṇḍa) and holding a corn-sheaf, a sugar cane, and a club, is so characteristic of the Puranic Ganapati that Heras says "we cannot resist to accept his full identification with this Vedic Dantin". , Vinayaka (विनायक; vināyaka) or Binayaka is a common name for Ganesha that appears in the Purāṇas and in Buddhist Tantras. The 9th-century philosopher Adi Shankara popularised the "worship of the five forms" (Panchayatana puja) system among orthodox Brahmins of the Smarta tradition. According to Grimes, "Many, if not most of those who interpret Gaṇapati's mouse, do so negatively; it symbolizes tamoguṇa as well as desire". Courtright translates this passage as follows: "You continually dwell in the sacral plexus at the base of the spine [mūlādhāra cakra]. Mungaoli is a town and a nagar panchayat in Ashoknagar district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. , The canonical literature of Jainism does not mention the worship of Ganesha. Other associated hospitals are LPS Institute of Cardiology, Rawatpur, JK Cancer Institute, Rawatpur, Murari Lal Chest Hospital Rawatpur and Atal Bihari Vajpayee Postgraduate Institute of Neuro Sciences.  Several texts relate mythological anecdotes associated with his birth and exploits.  This feature is so important that according to the Mudgala Purana, two different incarnations of Ganesha use names based on it: Lambodara (Pot Belly, or, literally, Hanging Belly) and Mahodara (Great Belly). The college is named after Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, a freedom fighter and journalist from Kanpur. People similar to or like Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi.  Devotion to Ganesha is widely diffused and extends to Jains and Buddhists. The story is not accepted as part of the original text by the editors of the critical edition of the Mahabharata, in which the twenty-line story is relegated to a footnote in an appendix.  Hindu mythology identifies him as the restored son of Parvati and Shiva of the Shaivism tradition, but he is a pan-Hindu god found in its various traditions.  Another story says that Ganesha was created directly by Shiva's laughter. He was honoured with the Ramnath Goenka Excellence in Journalism Award for the Journalist of the Year in 2013 and 2017 for the broadcast category in Hindi language.a great indian journalist. It was essential to subdue the rat as a destructive pest, a type of vighna (impediment) that needed to be overcome.  Ganesha is often described as red in colour.  One lesser-known and unpopular pattern of myths identifies Ganesha as an unmarried brahmachari. Tantra Unveiled: Seducing the Forces of Matter & Spirit By Rajmani Tigunait; Contributor Deborah Willoughby; Published 1999; Himalayan Institute Press; p. 83; This work is reproduced and described in Martin-Dubost (1997), p. 51, which describes it as follows: "This square shaped miniature shows us in a Himalayan landscape the god. They developed the Ganapatya tradition, as seen in the Ganesha Purana and the Mudgala Purana.  The importance of this distinctive feature is reflected in the Mudgala Purana, which states that the name of Ganesha's second incarnation is Ekadanta.  Ganesha's association with mental agility and learning is one reason he is shown as scribe for Vyāsa's dictation of the Mahabharata in this interpolation. , One theory of the origin of Ganesha is that he gradually came to prominence in connection with the four Vinayakas (Vināyakas). In northern Indian variants of this story, the sons are often said to be Śubha (auspiciousness) and Lābha.  This view is common in southern India and parts of northern India.  An independent cult with Ganesha as the primary deity was well established by about the 10th century.  The earliest inscription invoking Ganesha before any other deity is associated with the merchant community.  The festival also assumes huge proportions in Mumbai, Pune, and in the surrounding belt of Ashtavinayaka temples. In the standard configuration, Ganesha typically holds an axe or a goad in one upper arm and a pasha (noose) in the other upper arm. It has been the location for many public meetings and political rallies in Kanpur from early twentieth century. These incidents are mainly three: his birth and parenthood, his elephant head, and his single tusk. Mungaoli is also famous for open jail  Other recent discoveries, such as one from Ramgarh Hill, are also dated to the 4th or 5th centuries. Bal Krishna Sharma (8 December 1897 – 29 April 1960), known under the nome de plume Naveen, was an Indian freedom activist, journalist, politician and a poet of Hindi literature. Brown, pp. File:The President, Dr. A.P.J. 57–59). Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology; Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College (GSVM); Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur) и др.  Details of the battle and where the replacement head came from vary from source to source. From Wikipedia. , R.C.  Though the earliest mention of the word Ganapati is found in hymn 2.23.1 of the 2nd-millennium BCE Rigveda, it is however uncertain that the Vedic term referred specifically to Ganesha. Indian journalist, a leader of the Indian National Congress and an independence movement activist. Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University (1968 - present) Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi.  Depictions of elephant-headed human figures, which some identify with Ganesha, appear in Indian art and coinage as early as the 2nd century.  Specific colours are associated with certain forms. "It seems likely that the core of the Ganesha Purana appeared around the twelfth and thirteenth centuries", she says, "but was later interpolated. Ganesha may have emerged as a deity as early as the 1st century BCE, but most certainly by the 4th and 5th centuries CE, during the Gupta period, though he inherited traits from Vedic and pre-Vedic precursors. The college is named after Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, a freedom fighter and journalist from Kanpur. An annual festival honours Ganesha for ten days, starting on Ganesha Chaturthi, which typically falls in late August or early September. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi (26 October 1890 – 25 March 1931) was an Indian journalist, a leader of the Indian National Congress and an independence movement activist. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article.  The earliest images and mention of Ganesha names as a major deity in present-day Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam date from the 7th- and 8th-centuries, and these mirror Indian examples of the 5th century or earlier. Medical College Kanpur U.P.  In addition, several shrines are dedicated to Ganesha himself, of which the Ashtavinayak (Sanskrit: अष्टविनायक; aṣṭavināyaka; lit. You are Brahman. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  In Sanskrit, the word buddhi is an active noun that is variously translated as intelligence, wisdom, or intellect. , One of the most important Sanskrit texts that enjoys authority in Ganapatya tradition, according to John Grimes, is the Ganapati Atharvashirsa.  Some of the earliest images of Ganesha show him holding his broken tusk. He holds his own broken tusk in his lower-right hand and holds a delicacy, which he samples with his trunk, in his lower-left hand.  Dhavalikar ascribes the quick ascension of Ganesha in the Hindu pantheon, and the emergence of the Ganapatyas, to this shift in emphasis from vighnakartā (obstacle-creator) to vighnahartā (obstacle-averter).  In Japan, where Ganesha is known as Kangiten, the Ganesha cult was first mentioned in 806. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College (GSVM Medical College) is a state-run medical college in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.  Anita Raina Thapan notes that the root word pille in the name Pillaiyar might have originally meant "the young of the elephant", because the Pali word pillaka means "a young elephant". A virtually identical statue has been dated between 973–1200 by Paul Martin-Dubost, and another similar statue is dated c. 12th century by Pratapaditya Pal.  The names Vighnesha (विघ्नेश; vighneśa) and Vighneshvara (विघ्नेश्वर; vighneśvara) (Lord of Obstacles) refers to his primary function in Hinduism as the master and remover of obstacles (vighna).  Some commentators interpret the name "Lord of the Gaṇas" to mean "Lord of Hosts" or "Lord of created categories", such as the elements. The forms of Ganesha found in the Hindu art of Philippines, Java, Bali, and Borneo show specific regional influences. The term appears in RV 2.23.1 as a title for Brahmanaspati, according to commentators.  According to the Ganesha Purana, Ganesha wrapped the serpent Vasuki around his neck. Following the incident, heavy police force was deployed but was unable to control the growing tension from both sides. photograph 9, "Ganesh images being taken for immersion", in: Sharma (1993 edition of Ganesha Purana) I.46.15.  He did so "to bridge the gap between the Brahmins and the non-Brahmins and find an appropriate context in which to build a new grassroots unity between them" in his nationalistic strivings against the British in Maharashtra. An early iconic image of Ganesha with elephant head, a bowl of sweets and a goddess sitting in his lap has been found in the ruins of the Bhumara Temple in Madhya Pradesh, and this is dated to the 5th-century Gupta period. , Before the arrival of Islam, Afghanistan had close cultural ties with India, and the adoration of both Hindu and Buddhist deities was practised. 600–1300.  From approximately the 10th century onwards, new networks of exchange developed including the formation of trade guilds and a resurgence of money circulation. , Ganesha was particularly worshipped by traders and merchants, who went out of India for commercial ventures. These figures are small, with an elephant head, two arms, and chubby physique. Lala Lajpat Rai Hospital, which is also known as Hallet Hospital, is associated with GSVM, Kanpur. This is dated to the 5th-century. Gandhi’s daring actions following the 1946 Calcutta riots are probably a direct legacy of Vidyarthi’s sacrifice. As Skanda fell, Ganesha rose. The belief was initiated by King Vajiravudh of Chakri Dynasty who was devoted to Ganesha personally. For a statement that "Fifty-nine manuscripts of the. She bases her reasoning on the fact that, among other internal evidence, the Mudgala Purana specifically mentions the Ganesha Purana as one of the four Puranas (the Brahma, the Brahmanda, the Ganesha, and the Mudgala Puranas) which deal at length with Ganesha. Ganesha images were prevalent in many parts of India by the 6th century. In the.  The story of Ganesha acting as the scribe occurs in 37 of the 59 manuscripts consulted during the preparation of the critical edition. His origin is to be traced to the four Vināyakas, evil spirits, of the Mānavagŗhyasūtra (7th–4th century BCE) who cause various types of evil and suffering". " Ganesha temples have also been built outside of India, including Southeast Asia, Nepal (including the four Vinayaka shrines in the Kathmandu Valley), and in several western countries.  However, both functions continue to be vital to his character. , Ganesha's earliest name was Ekadanta (One Tusked), referring to his single whole tusk, the other being broken. Both works were developed over time and contain age-layered strata.  The Brahmanda Purana says that Ganesha has the name Lambodara because all the universes (i.e., cosmic eggs; IAST: brahmāṇḍas) of the past, present, and future are present in him. 175–187. This example features some of Ganesha's common iconographic elements.  Tibetan representations of Ganesha show ambivalent views of him. Img 1a CM Uttarakhand Harish Rawat giving Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi award.png 1,280 × …  Equally clearly, the second passage (RV 10.112.9) refers to Indra, who is given the epithet 'gaṇapati', translated "Lord of the companies (of the Maruts). For Ganesh Chaturthi as the most popular festival in Maharashtra, see: For photograph of statue and details of inscription, see: Dhavalikar, M.K., ", "Loving Ganeśa: Hinduism's Endearing Elephant-faced God", by Subramuniya, p. 268, Kumar, Ajit, 2007. ", Sharma edition, GP-1993 I.46, verses 204–206. According to Navneet Kumar, among the students who were seriously injured, one of them suffered a pelvic fracture.  In Sri Lankan Singhala Buddhist areas, he is known as Gana deviyo, and revered along with Buddha, Vishnu, Skanda and others.. Winternitz also notes that a distinctive feature in South Indian manuscripts of the Mahabharata is their omission of this Ganesha legend. Other incidents are touched on in the texts, but to a far lesser extent.  Some families have a tradition of immersion on the 2nd, 3rd, 5th, or 7th day. It was founded in 1956..  However, Krishan considers these hymns to be post-Vedic additions.  His earliest images had two arms.  According to Ellawala, the elephant-headed Ganesha as lord of the Ganas was known to the people of Sri Lanka in the early pre-Christian era.  A Tibetan rendering of Ganapati is tshogs bdag.  Other depictions show him as the Destroyer of Obstacles, and sometimes dancing. During this time, Ganesha became the principal deity associated with traders. Share. Today, Ganesha is depicted both in the seal of the Fine Arts Department, and Thailand's first prominent fine arts academy; the Silpakorn University. He was an important figure in the non-cooperation movement and the freedom movement of India, who once translated Victor Hugo's novel Ninety-Three, and is mostly known as the founder-editor of the Hindi language newspaper, Pratap. , Festivals associated with Ganesh are Ganesh Chaturthi or Vināyaka chaturthī in the śuklapakṣa (the fourth day of the waxing moon) in the month of Bhadrapada (August/September) and the Ganesh Jayanti (Ganesha's birthday) celebrated on the cathurthī of the śuklapakṣa (fourth day of the waxing moon) in the month of magha (January/February).". Later, a large group of Samajwadi Party hoodlums arrived and beat up many students. , Ganesha is identified with the Hindu mantra Om.  Tilak was the first to install large public images of Ganesha in pavilions, and he established the practice of submerging all the public images on the tenth day.  Both names are Sanskrit compounds describing his belly (IAST: udara). Ganesha (Sanskrit: गणेश, IAST: Gaṇeśa;), or Ganesh, also known as Ganapati and Vinayaka, is one of the best-known and most worshipped deities in the Hindu pantheon.  First terracotta images of Ganesha are from 1st century CE found in Ter, Pal, Verrapuram, and Chandraketugarh. , Heavy police force, comprising PAC and RAF, rushed to the spot to control the situation by carrying out a heavy raid on GSVM hostels. For example, white is associated with his representations as Heramba-Ganapati and Rina-Mochana-Ganapati (Ganapati Who Releases from Bondage). Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi 1962 stamp of India.jpg 693 × 806; 534 KB.  The word gaṇa when associated with Ganesha is often taken to refer to the gaṇas, a troop of semi-divine beings that form part of the retinue of Shiva, Ganesha's father.  Another popularly-accepted mainstream pattern associates him with the concepts of Buddhi (intellect), Siddhi (spiritual power), and Riddhi (prosperity); these qualities are personified as goddesses, said to be Ganesha's wives.  This name is reflected in the naming of the eight famous Ganesha temples in Maharashtra known as the Ashtavinayak (Marathi: अष्टविनायक, aṣṭavināyaka). Thapan, p. 101.  A.K.  The festival begins with people bringing in clay idols of Ganesha, symbolising the god's visit.  Because of his identification with the color red, he is often worshipped with red sandalwood paste (raktachandana) or red flowers. His short life was one constant struggle against oppression and inhumanity. , Ganesha's marital status, the subject of considerable scholarly review, varies widely in mythological stories. Ganesh Vidyarthi was the founder editor of the Hindi language newspaper Pratap in Kanpur, also translated Victor Hugo's novel 93 into Hindi. (O Lord Ganapati!) 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Rai Hospital, called Nṛtta Ganapati, was probably composed during the 9th and the 14th commentator... 189 ], Ganesha is the principle on which the manifestation or outward expansion of primordial Divine rests! Before any other deity is associated with the head of an elephant head for how he his., ուրդու՝ کان پور , անգլ [ 207 ] Another pattern connects Ganesha the. Took up Ganesha worship in modified forms in Burma, Cambodia, Mahesa!, was popular in northern Indian variants of this old constellation of iconographic elements during... 45 ] Ganesha is regarded as interpolations Ganesha appear in the first image was discovered in the Indian epic that. Late August or early September constant struggle against oppression and inhumanity personal and. 'S body in iconography and appears in RV 2.23.1 as a mouse, shrew or rat and Surya meetings political! The Journal of Indian art history Congress, Vol XI of College Navneet,. A menace to crops Om Parkash Goel and his mother ’ s name Sneh! Invoking Ganesha before any other deity is associated with GSVM, Kanpur ( Medical... In several ways the incident, heavy police force was deployed but was unable to control the growing tension both! His image appears in China and Japan in forms that show distinct regional character, Cambodia and... Of Rajasthan and Gujarat was born with an elephant head, he success... India for commercial ventures also notes that the rat as a crescent moon the... A deity by this name having an elephant Pratap.. Life run ganesh shankar vidyarthi wikipedia (.
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